b. 1884, Livorno, Italy; d. 1920, Paris
Amedeo Modigliani was born July 12, 1884, in Livorno, Italy. His early work was influenced by Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Théophile Alexandre Steinlen, and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. In the fall of 1907 he met his first patron, Dr. Paul Alexandre, who purchased works from him before World War I. Modigliani exhibited in the Salon d’Automne in 1907 and 1912 and in the Salon des Indépendants in 1908, 1910, and 1911.
The only solo show given the artist during his lifetime took place at the Galerie Berthe Weill in December 1917.
In March 1917 Modigliani met Jeanne Hébuterne, who became his companion and model. From March or April 1918 until May 31, 1919, they lived in the south of France, in both Nice and Cagnes. Modigliani died on January 24, 1920, in Paris.